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Journal Entries And Ledger Accounts Including Minimum Rent Account

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royalty accounting journal entries

Therefore, in the following years Short Workings is adjusted against the excess royalty amount. Such a process of adjusting Short Working capital is known as recoupment of Short Workings. In the example above, the Short Workings amount to Rs 1 Lakh (5 Lakh – 4 Lakh).

Minimum rent is a rent that is also known as fixed rent, dead rent, contract rent, rock rent, or flat rent. It is the minimum sum that is given to the lessor of a property by the lessee so that the lessor receives a minimum amount of sum for a specific period. It is much more common for accountants to commit fraud through the use of journal entries than through the use of such common transactions as recording supplier invoices and creating customer invoices. The reason is that these more common transactions have a system of controls built up around them that is designed to detect a variety of issues. Conversely, there are fewer controls over journal entries, which makes it easier for someone to create a fraudulent transaction.

Royalty Accounts Journal Entries in the books of lessee

Furthermore, the consideration paid in lieu of using the asset of the owner is determined in terms of the number of items produced or sold. TallyPrime is a business management software that has been made for MSMEs to make accounting easy. It has a plethora of features that make it a complete tool to manage your business from one place.

royalty accounting journal entries

You can record your transaction, generate insightful reports, and perform complex calculations to get information about a certain aspect of your business. Whether you need a business overview or you want to go into details, TallyPrime can do it all. It has salient features such as invoicing, payroll processing, banking, credit management, and much more. Mineral extractors are required to pay the royalties to the owner of the property where they wish to extract the minerals. In this case, the royalties are based on the units such as tons of minerals or it is based on the revenue earned by selling the minerals.

Royalties in Accounting

A) Calculation of royalty based on

output or sales, but minimum rent is fixed. In the first case, when the minimum rent is more than the actual royalty amount this is how the entry will look for the lessor. (1) During strike or lock-out, the actual royalty earned will discharge all rental obligations (if actual royalty is less than Minimum Rent). X Ltd took a lease of coalfields from Y Ltd against a royalty of Rs. 10 per ton of coal raised.

It is often a “bundle” of services which can by itself meet an objective or help in meeting it. It is delivered over time, at end of which the acquirer becomes proficient to be independent of the service. There are many different types of royalties and the most common ones are as follows.

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They are usually a percentage of the revenue generated by the patent, although they can sometimes be agreed as a fixed fee. Minimum Rent is the amount below which

landlord never accepts in any year from the person who has to pay royalty in

case of mines. Minimum Rent is also known as Fixed Rent, Dead Rent, Flat Rent

or Contract Rent.

  • There can be three types of circumstances in which both lessor and the lessee would be required to pass journal entries.
  • Therefore, question of short-working will only arise when the actual royalty is less than the Minimum Rent.
  • In this year also, actual royalty is more than the minimum rent by Rs. 10,000 (Rs. 30,000 – Rs. 20,000) which will be recouped against the balance of short-working of Rs. 13,000.
  • Where rent is paid for using tangible assets like building, machinery etc, royalty is paid for using intangible assets or availing special rights such as patents, copyright, mines etc.
  • E.g. if minimum rent is Rs. 20,000 and

    due to strike the actual royalties for the year will discharge all rental


  • In case, lessee fails to recover Short Working in the specific period, it becomes irrevocable and is charged to P&L in the year in which the Short Working recoup lapses.

Of course, these days bookkeepers enter transactions in an accounting program on the computer. This ensures that payments are rendered in a timely manner and in the correct amount. Accounting processes vary based upon the nature of payments made and other contract stipulations, so it’s important to know the specific entries required for each type of transaction.

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